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常州雅思:备考雅思文章空洞无物怎么办

来源:      浏览:      发布日期:2019-12-18 15:50

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常州雅思:备考雅思文章空洞无物怎么办?对于万千小烤鸭们来说,写作无疑是最令人头疼的一项。尤其是当考题是关于文化类时,往往是大家非常头疼的一类题目了。究其原因的话,无非就是没有思路,不知道写什么,不知道怎么展开,因此也会导致写不够字数。所以究竟怎么做才能将文化类话题拿下?

下面是我们在备考雅思过程中经常看到的几个与文化类相关的题目,包括 museum,old buildings,international travel 和 languages 等问题。Some people claim that government should fund museums and art galleries.To what extent do you agree or disagree?(政府建造博物馆/艺术馆)

学生作文中的句子或段落:

e.g.1: Museums should be built by the government, because the museum is an important part of our culture. So the government should spend money constructingmuseums. Should old buildings be destroyed and replaced with modern ones?(旧建筑是否应该被新建筑替代)

e.g.2: International travels can bring many benefits to us. To begin with, we can know more about foreign cultures, which can broaden our horizons. In addition, traveling can promote the development of local economy. Do the problems brought by international travel outweigh the advantages?(国际旅游的利弊分析)

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e.g.3: Dying out of several languages is harmful for the culture, because language is an important part of culture. Several languages are dying out every year. Some people do not think it is important and say that our life will be simpler with fewer languages. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(语言的多样化问题)

e.g.4: Destroying old buildings is harmful for the local culture, because these buildings are an important part of local culture.

常州雅思:备考雅思文章空洞无物怎么办?

看过这几个段落,大家不难发现其中存在的一个共同问题:观点扩充不够,论证不充分,导致内容空洞,思维跳跃,没有说服力。这是因为有些学生确实想到了某些观点,但是每每写到这个观点时,便觉得这是理所当然,没有必要再去解释。这就是跳跃式思维在写作中一个比较典型的体现。除此之外,导致这种思维出现的另外一个原因就是觉得没有什么可写,也就是素材积累的问题了,即素材的缺乏导致了内容的空洞。

回顾上述几个句子,虽然有很多名词,如 museum,travel,language 和 old buildings,但是比较抽象或者是概括的名词只有 culture。这样就导致了很多文章空洞无物。但其实我们是可以通过很多不同的的渠道去把内容写具体的。 例 如: 在 Wikipedia, 我 们 可 以 查 到,Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies. Some aspects of human behavior, social practices such as culture, expressive forms such as art, music, dance, ritual, and religion, and technologies such as tool usage, cooking, shelter, and clothing are said to be cultural universals, found in all human societies. 所 以, 当 我 们 看 到 museum 或 old buildings 时,我们可以具体到 art works,some rituals,some original tools;当我们看到 travel 时,我们可以具体到 cooking,shelter,clothing 等等。有了这样的积累之后,在我们写到 widen one's horizon 或 be harmful for culture 时,我们便能够继续写下去。

另外,我们可以通过一些词去引出具体内容,例如specifically,to be specific 等。所以最终我们就能写出下面的文章。

e.g.1: International traveling should be encouraged greatly since it can widen our views. Specifically, we can see lots of traditional arts while traveling to other countries, which can improve our understanding of locals' lifestyle, their customs, beliefs, and traditions, helping us relate to the their culture past, enlarging our horizons.

e.g.2: Museums deserve financial support from the government, since they arealways attached to local culture. Specifically, we can see lots of traditional arts in museums, which can deepen our understanding of ancestors' past, their customs, beliefs, and traditions, helping us relate to the our past, enhancing our sense of belonging.

e.g.3: Dying out of certain languages can bring potential negative influence on preserving certain culture, since language is one of the indispensable aspects of a culture. Specifically, via using or learning a language, we can expose ourselves to lots of traditional arts, literature works, which can deepen our understanding of ancestors' past, their customs, beliefs, and traditions, helping us relate to the our past, enhancing our sense of belonging.

通过以上段落,不难发现多数文化类题目在写作过程中,我们可以将 culture 具体

成 lifestyle,customs,beliefs,traditional arts 或 literature works 等,将这些内容用于 expand horizons 的论证中就可以在一定程度上避免内容空洞,思维跳跃的问题。

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